Explore JTR - Time Lines

General - From 1820 Through 1888.

A London Street

[1820-1829] [1830-1839] [1840-1849] [1850-1859] [1860-1869] [1870-1879]
[1880] [1881] [1882] [1883] [1884] [1885] [1886] [1887] [1888]
[February 1888] [March 1888] [April 1888] [July 1888] [August 1888]
[September 1888] [October 1888] [November 1888] [December 1888]
[References]


This is a General Time Line, providing basic events for specific years, months, and/or days.
The events deal with the victims, witnesses, and social/historical background of the murders.
If a day, month, and/or year is not listed, then no notible event took place.
All credits and sources used are provided at the end of this page.


1820-1829

1824

The Vagrancy Act was enacted, which made common vagrants of prostitutes.

1829

* Sir Robert Peel created the Metropolitan Police Force, which was directly responsible to the Home Secretary and patrolled the area surrounding the one square mile of the City of London, which is the jurisdiction of the City of London Police.

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1830-1839

1834

The New Poor Law Act institutionalized the workhouse with 650 unions being established throughout the country, (they were meant to deal with isolated pockets of poverty, instead of large-scale impoverishment).

1839

The Metropolitan Police Act made it an offense to loiter, (it placed more restrictions than did the Vagrancy Act of 1824 and forced prostitutes off the streets and into the public houses).

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1840-1849

SEPTEMBER 1841

* Annie Chapman was born in Paddington as Eliza Anne Smith.

1842

* Annie Chapman's parents, George Smith and Ruth Chapman, married.

* Catherine Eddowes was born in Wolverhampton to George Eddowes Jr, a varnisher or japanner.

NOVEMBER 27, 1843

* Elizabeth Stride was born as Elizabeth Gustafsdotter to Gustaf Ericsson and Beata Carlsdotter at Stora Tumelhed farm, Torslanda, Sweden, near Gothenburg.

DECEMBER 5, 1843

* Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter was baptized.

1844

* Before Catherine Eddowes was two years old, her family moved to Bermondsey.

AUGUST 26, 1845

* Mary Ann Walker (Polly Nichols) was born in Dean Street, Fetter Lane to Edward Walker and his wife, Caroline.

MAY 10, 1849

* Martha (Tabram) White was born at 17 Marshall Street, London Road, Southwark to Charles Samuel White and his wife, Elisabeth (nee` Dowsett).

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1850-1859

1850-1888

* Many unemployed and numerous immigrants went to London, tripling its population, (West London expanded faster than contractors could build. The area East of Aldgate Pump was left for slum living.)

1855

* Catherine Eddowes's mother, Catherine Eddowes, died; Catherine's education at St John's Charity School, Patters Field, Tooley Street, ended; Most of Catherine's siblings entered Bermondsey Workhouse and Industrial School. (Catherine eventually returned to finish her education at Dowgate Charity School and to care for her aunt in Biston Street, Wolverhampton.)

1856

* Annie Chapman's immediate family (the Smith's) moved to Windsor.

1857

* The Lancet estimated that there were 6,000 brothels and 80,000 prostitutes in London.

1858

* The police were given authority to search lodging-houses and declare them disorderly houses if more than one prostitute was "in residence."  (Publicans were eventually banned by law from allowing prostitutes to "assemble and continue" on their premises).

1859

* Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter was confirmed in the church of Torslanda.

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1860-1869

OCTOBER 14, 1860

* Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter moved to Carl Johan Parish, Gothenburg as a domestic servant to a workman, Lars Frederick Olofson.

1861-1863

* Catherine Eddowes left home at some point during this time to be with Thomas Conway, who drew a pension under the name Thomas Quinn from the 18th Royal Irish Foot Regiment.

FEBRUARY 2, 1862

* Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter moved to Cathedral Parish, Gothenburg, still claiming to be a domestic servant.

c.1863

* Mary Jane Kelly was born in Limerick, Ireland; then during her early childhood, her family moved to Wales. Her father, John Kelly, took a job at an ironworks in Caranvonshire or Carmanthenshire.

1864

The Contagious Disease Act of 1864 was enacted and required some prostitutes to submit to medical exams, (during this time, the Mile End area was the only vestry to close even one brothel. The prostitutes then moved back out onto the streets).

* Catherine Eddowes and Thomas Conway lived together in Wolverhampton; they earned a living by selling chapbooks, written by Conway, in Birmingham and in the Midlands. They also wrote and sold gallows ballads, (Catherine claimed that they were legally married and that his initials 'TC' were tatooed on her arm.)

JANUARY 16, 1864

* Mary Ann Walker married William Nichols at St Bride's Church (the printer's church), Fleet Street. The service was performed by Vicar Charles Marshall and witnessed by Seth George Havelly and Sarah Good.

* Polly & William Nichols lived for a time in Bouverie Street and then moved to 131 Trafalgar Street, Walworth with her father.

c.1865

* Catherine Eddowes & Thomas Conway had their first child and only daughter, Annie.

MARCH 1865

* The Gothenburg Police registered Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter as a prostitute.

APRIL 25, 1865

* Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter gave birth to a still-born girl. (This is her only reported child.)

MAY 1865

* Martha (Tabram) White's parents separated.

OCTOBER 1865

* Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter was living in Philgaten in Ostra Haga, a suburb of Gothenburg.

OCTOBER 17, 1865

* Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter was hospitalized at Kurhuset for venereal ulcer.

NOVEMBER 3, 1865

* Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter hospitalized, again, for venereal disease.

NOVEMBER 14, 1865

* Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter was listed as 'healthy' in the hospital entries; she was no longer required to report to the police, (this was the date of the fourth hospital entry with the first three being written on the 3rd, 7th, and 10th of November.)

NOVEMBER 15, 1865

* Martha (Tabram) White's father, Charles White died suddenly at the age of fifty nine.

NOVEMBER 18, 1865

* The inquest of Charles White, (Martha Tabram's father), was conducted by William Payne at the Gibraltar public house, St George's Road. The cause of Charles's death was listed as natural causes.

1866

The Contagious Disease Act of 1866 was passed.

1866

* Mary Ann & William Nichols had their first child, Edward John.

JANUARY 1866

* Catherine Eddowes sold a gallows ballad at the hanging of her own cousin,Christopher Robinson, at Strafford.

FEBRUARY 7, 1866

* Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter submitted a new certificate of altered residence, changing from Cathedral parish to the Swedish parish in London.

JULY 10, 1866

* Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter was entered in the London register as unmarried at the Swedish Church in Prince's Square, St. George's-in-the-East.

DECEMBER 1867

* The Clerkenwell Prison was bombed in an attempt to free Captain Richard O'Sullivan Broke, an Irish-American Civil War veteran, who was active in the Irish Nationalist movement.

c.1868

* Catherine Eddowes & Thomas Conway had their second child and first son, George.

1868

* Mary Ann & William Nichols had their second son, Percy George.

May 26, 1868

* George Barrett, a Fenian, was hanged for the bombing of Clerkenwell Prison, (due to the deaths of nineteen people, trying to see the execution, that was Britain's last public hanging, but it was not the last of terroristic bombings).

1869

The Contagious Disease Act of 1869 Was enacted.

MARCH 7, 1869

* Elizabeth (Stride) Gustafsdotter married John Thomas Stride at St. Giles in the Fields Church. Reverend Will Powell conducted the service, which was witnessed by Daniel H. Wyatt and N. Taylor. (At this time, Elizabeth gave her maiden name as Gustifson, living at 67 Gower Street.); Elizabeth and John Stride lived in East India Dock Road, Poplar. Stride kept a coffee shop at Chrisp Street, Poplar.

MAY 1, 1869

* Annie (Chapman) Smith married a relative of her mother, John Chapman, at All Saints Church, Knightsbridge, (Annie and John lived at 29 Montpelier Place, Brompton).

DECEMBER 25, 1869

* Martha White married Henry Samuel Tabram at Trinity Church, St Mary parish, Newington, and they lived at Pleasant Place.

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1870-1879

1870's

* Slumming had become fashionable.

* The Irish Nationalists continued to bomb numerous buildings. The police responded by diverting most of their man-power to those areas of attack - the West End, (East of Aldgate Pump was left to the law breakers. Fenian activity occupied the attention of several senior police officials who were involved in the JTR case: Dr Robert, Anderson, James Monro, F. A. Williamson, and Insp Littlechild).

1870

* Alice Esther, Mary Ann & William Nichols' first daughter, was born.

* John Stride moved his coffee shop to Upper North Street, Poplar.

* Annie and John Chapman lived in 1 Brook Mews, Bayswater while John worked as a Domestic Head Coachman; Annie and John's first daughter, Emily Ruth, was born.

1871

The Prevention of Crime Act made it an offence to harbour thieves or reputed thieves, or knowingly to permit them to assemble, or to allow the deposit of goods suspected of having been stolen

FEBRUARY 1871

* Martha & Henry Tabram moved to 20 Marshall Street. Their first child, Frederick John, was born.

1872

* John Stride's coffee shop was re-located to 178 Poplar High Street, (Elizabeth told friends that the coffee shop was at Chrisp Street, Poplar).

DECMBER 1872

* Martha & Henry Tabram had a second son, Charles Henry.

c.1873

* Catherine Eddowes & Thomas Conway had their last child, a second son.

1873

* Reverend and Mrs Barnett took over St. Jude's. (their first service was attended by only a handful of people, who expected to be paid for coming).

* Annie & John Chapman relocated to 17 South Bruton Mews, Berkeley Square; Annie and John had a second daughter, Annie Georgia.

c.1874

* Mary Ann & William Nichols began living at 6D Peabody Buildings, Stamford Street, Blackfriars Road, Lambeth.

1875

The Artisan's Dwelling Act attempted to control the large influx of people, permitting the City of London and the Metropolitan Board to buy up slum property, rebuild it, and then resell it to the working class.

* Henry Tabram left Martha because of her drinking. Henry gave Martha a weekly allowance of 12 shillings (60p).

* John Stride's coffee shop was taken over by John Dale.

c.1876

* Martha Tabram began living with Henry Turner.

1876

* 4,000 homes in Whitechapel had been condemned, from the Artisan's Dwelling Act, but they were not demolished until 1880, permitting their continued use, despite the squaller conditions. (The slum lords profited from many of these ventures, causing large losses for the City of London and the Metropolitan Board. In one 42 acre deal, the loss was over 1,000,000).

1877

* Mary Ann & William Nichols had their second daughter, Eliza Sarah; marital problems began.

MARCH 1877

* Elizabeth Stride was briefly an inmate of Poplar Workhouse.

1878

* Martha Tabram began to publicly bother her ex-husband, Henry Tabram, for more money. Because of this, and because she had started living with another man, Henry Tabram reduced the allowance to 2s 6d (12 1/2p).

SEPTEMBER 3, 1878

The Princess Alice disaster On Tuesday, September 3, the collier, Bywell Castle, collided with a large saloon steamer, Princess Alice, on the Thames (the result of negligence on the part of both ships' captains). The steamer sank, taking with it 600 - 700 lives. (Elizabeth Stride falsely claimed that her husband and two of her children died in the Princess Alice disaster.)

c.1879

* Mary Jane Kelly supposely married a man named Davies, (or Davis), a collier

1879

The Artisan's Dwelling Act was amended, but it only added to the over crowding of the East End.

* Mary Ann & William Nichols had their last child, Henry Alfred.

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1880

1880's

* Slumming was still fashionable.

1880

* Mary Ann & William Nichols separated; William retained custody of the children and paid Mary Ann an allowance of 5/- (25p) a week.

* Catherine Eddowes & Thomas Conway separated; Catherine took Annie and Conway had custody of the boys.

SEPTEMBER 6, 1880

* Mary Ann Nichols entered Lambeth Workhouse.

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1881

1881

* The Mansion House was bombed, (Fenian activity).

* Annie & John Chapman moved from West London to Windsor. John worked for a farm bailiff, Josiah Weeks, (John allegedly lost his gentleman's valet job due to Annie's dishonesty); Annie and John had their only son, John Jr, a cripple. (John Jr was supposedly in the care of a charitable school.)

* Catherine Eddowes met John Kelly, an Irish jobbing market porter, frequently working for a fruit salesman, Lander; Catherine & Kelly moved in together at Cooney's Common Lodging- house at 55 Flower and Dean Street.

MAY 31, 1881

* Mary Ann Nichols left Lambeth, (whereabouts unknown).

DECEMBER, 28 1881

* Elizabeth Stride was admitted to the Whitechapel Workhouse Infirmary for bronchitis.

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1882

c.1882

* Davies, Mary Jane Kelly's alleged husband, died in a mine explosion.

1882

* Mary Jane Kelly moved in with a cousin in Cardiff; she became a prostitute; and, became ill and spent close to a year in an infirmary

* William Nichols heard that his ex-wife Mary Ann Nichols was earning an immoral living and stopped her allowance. Mary Ann went to Lambeth Parish who summonsed William for restoration of maintenance. William sufficiently proved his case, and the charges were dropped. William no longer had to pay the allowance.

* Annie Chapman left her family, returned to London, and earned money by selling matches, crochet work, flowers, and occasionally herself, sometimes living off the income of her male friends; Annie's daughter, Emily Ruth, died of meningitis; John provided Annie a regularly paid allowance of 10/- (50p) a week by postal order and was payable to the Commercial Street Post Office.

* John & Elizabeth Stride's marriage broke down. Elizabeth began living, off and on, at 32 Flower and Dean Street.

JANUARY 4, 1882

* Elizabeth Stride was moved from the infirmary to the Whitechapel Workhouse.

APRIL 24, 1882

* Mary Ann Nichols re-entered Lambeth.

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1883

1883

* The London School Board reported that over 75% of the families with children lived in only a single room.

JANUARY 18-20, 1883

* Mary Ann Nichols was admitted to Lambeth Infirmary.

MARCH 24, 1883

* Mary Ann Nichols left Lambeth to live with her father, Edward Walker.

MAY 21, 1883

* Mary Ann Nichols returned to Lambeth after an argument with her father over her drinking.

JUNE 2, 1883

* Mary Ann Nichols left Lambeth to live with Thomas Stuart Drew in York Street, Walworth.

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1884

1884-1886

* Mary Jane Kelly moved to London and began working in a West End gay house; she went to Paris for 2 weeks with a gentleman, but returned not liking France; she moved in with a Mr Morganstone (possibly Morgan Stone) near Stepney Gas Works; She then lived with and possibly worked for Mrs Buki, St George's Street, who helped Kelly retrieve belongings from a French 'lady's' residence in Knightsbridge; she then resided at Mrs Carthy's, Breezer Hill, Ratcliff Hghwy.

1884

* The new Victoria Station was bombed, (Fenian activity).

MAY 30, 1884

* The Scotland Yard building was attacked, (Fenian activity).

OCTOBER 24, 1884

* John Stride died in Bromley Sick Asylum from heart failure. His address was listed as Poplar Workhouse.

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1885

1885

Criminal Law Amendment made organized prostitution illegal, forcing the women back onto the streets and putting them at odds with the police.

* Homosexuality was now punished by imprisonment, instead of death.

* Elizabeth Stride moved in with Michael Kidney at 35 Devonshire Street.

* Annie saw her mother, Catherine Eddowes, with John Kelly at Cooney's lodging house.

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1886

1886

The Contagious Diseases Acts of 1864, 1866 & 1869 were repealed. in 1886, (the repeal was partly brought about by agitation by the National Association, which was founded in December 1869, as well as the Ladies National Association led by Josephine Butler who protested the acts as being examples of class and sex discrimination).

* Edward John Nichols voluntarily left his father, William Nichols, to move in with his grandfather, Edward Walker.

* Annie Chapman lived with "Jack Sivvey" at 30 Dorset Street and became known as Mrs Sivvy. Jack Sivvey eventually left Annie that same year and moved to Notting Hill.

* Ted Stanley lived at 1 Osborne Place, Osborne Street.

* John Chapman (Annie Chapman's ex-husband) died at the age of 44 on Christmas Day from cirrhosis of the liver, ascite, and dropsy, while living at 1 Richmond Village, Grove Road, Windsor.

FEBRUARY 8, 1886

* 3,000 unemployed gathered in Trafalgar Square planning to march to Hyde Park. This turned into a riot with much destruction and looting before it was dispersed. The Metropolitan Police Commissioner, Sir Edmund Henderson, was blamed and forced to resign. Sir Charles Warren took the post.

MAY 20, 1886

* Elizabeth Stride received financial assistance from the Swedish Church off of the Ratcliff Highway.

MAY 23, 1886

* Elizabeth Stride, again, received alms from the Swedish Church.

JUNE 1886

* Mary Ann Nichols attended her brother's funeral in respectable dress.

c.SEPTEMBER 1886

* Annie was bedridden and paid her mother, Catherine Eddowes, to attend her, (that was the last time Annie saw Catherine); Annie and her husband, Mr Phillips, a lamp-black packer, moved from Bermondsey and never gave Catherine their new address to avoid her asking for money.

* Thomas Conway and his two sons moved in with his daughter, Annie and her husband.

END OF 1886

* Mary Jane Kelly left Mrs Carthy's and moved in with Joseph Fleming, possibly a mason or plasterer, near Bethanl Green.

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1887

1887

* Many unemployed began living in Trafalgar Square, (by October, it was a way of life). The police cleared the square of these squatters, only to see them return, (the police were restricted in their actions, but the local shop keepers declared that they would do something, even if the police would not).

c.MARCH 1887

* While at Acre Street, Southwark Park Road, Thomas Conway, (Eddowes ex-husband), being on bad terms with his daughter, Annie, and son-in-law, moved out and took his two sons. This was the last time Annie would see her father and two brothers.

MARCH 21, 1887

* Elizabeth Stride was registered as an inmate at the Poplar Workhouse.

APRIL 1887

* Elizabeth Stride and Michael Kidney moved to 36 Devonshire Street.

* Mary Jane Kelly left Fleming and moved into either Cooney's or a lodging-house in Thrawl Street.

APRIL 6, 1887

* Elizabeth Stride turned Kidney over to Police Constable 357H for assault, (she did not appear in court against him).

APRIL 8, 1887

* Mary Jane Kelly met Joseph Barnett, a laborer/fish porter at Billingsgate Market, in Commercial Street

APRIL 9, 1887

* Mary Jane Kelly and Joseph Barnett met again and decided to live together; during the next eleven months, (April 87 to March 88), they lived in George Street, then moved to Little Paternoster Row, Dorset Street, and then they lived in Brick Lane.

JUNE 10, 1887

* Elizabeth Stride might have been convicted under the name 'Annie Fitzgerald' at the Thames Magistrates Court for drunk and disorderly conduct, (between 1887-1888, she was convicted eight times for drunkenness at the Thames Magistrate Court under her own name).

JUNE 21, 1887

* Queen Victoria's jubilee.

JUNE 28, 1887

* Israel Lipski poisons Miriam Angel at 16 Batty Street.

AUGUST 1887

* Mary Ann Cox was charged for assault in front of Thames Magistrates Court.

AUGUST 22, 1887

* Israel Lipski was hung for the murder of Miriam Angel.

OCTOBER 25, 1887

* Polly left Drew and spent the day at St Gile's Workhouse, Endell Street.

OCTOBER 26, 1887

* Polly entered the Strand Workhouse, Edmonton.

NOVEMBER 13, 1887

* Bloody Sunday. Due to the many squatters who continued to live in Trafalgar Square, its use was restricted on certain days. On Sunday, November 13, this banning was challenged. 4,000 Constables, 300 Mounted Police, 300 Grenadiers and 300 Life Guards with 7,000 Constables in reserve were used to disperse a giant mob, trying to gain access to the square. With over 150 injuries, about 300 arrests (with some convictions) and only one death, Sir Charles Warren was publicly praised and received a Knight Commandership of the Bath by Queen Victoria. The radical press, however, viewed the events differently and never forgot the incident.

DECEMBER 2, 1887

* Polly left the Strand and possibly camped out in Trafalgar Square.

DECEMBER 19, 1887

* Trafalgar Square was cleared of vagrants.

* Mary Ann was readmitted to Lambeth.

DECEMBER 29, 1887

* Polly left Lambeth, (whereabouts unknown).

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1888

1888

* 900,000 people lived in the East End with 80,000 in Whitechapel. Of these, 75,000 were poor; 100,000 were very poor; and, about 11,000 were below very poor. Poor was one who earned a regular income of 18 - 21 shillings per week. In addition to the workhouses, 233 common lodging-houses roomed about 8,500 people. (For the casual drunk and prostitute, this was their only housing, paying four pennies a night for a single bed.)

* Possibly due to the radical press, the working class hated Warren. The middle class, who criticized the unruly mob in 1887, began to criticize the police, and Warren in particular. By the end of the summer, the Metropolitan Police were viewed as the oppressors of the poor.

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FEBRUARY 1888

FEBRUARY 25, 1888

* Annie Millwood was attacked and stabbed by a strange man with a clasp knife. She survives the attack.

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MARCH 1888

MARCH 28, 1888

* Ada Wilson was stabbed twice in the neck, barely surviving her attack.

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APRIL 1888

APRIL 3, 1888

* Emma Smith was attacked by a gang of three young men around 12:30 am.

APRIL 4, 1888

* Emma Smith died in London Hospital as a result of her injuries.

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JULY 1888

JULY 1888

* Joseph Barnett loses job as a fish porter at Bilingsgate.

* Michael Kidney jailed for three days for drunk and disorderly conduct.

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AUGUST 1888

AUGUST 4, 1888

* John Pizer charged with indecent assault before Thames Magistrates, but the case is dismissed.

AUGUST 7, 1888

* Martha Tabram murdered in George Yard Buildings.

AUGUST 9, 1888

* First day of the Tabram Inquest - opened by G. Collier at the Working Lad's Institute; adjourned until the 23rd.

AUGUST 14, 1888

* Henry Samuel Tabram identifies the body of Martha Tabram, his former wife.

AUGUST 23, 1888

* Second and last day of the Tabram Inquest.

* An envelope which would be found near the body of Annie Chapman on September 8th, is postmarked, "London, 23 August, 1888."

AUGUST 30, 1888

* Fire breaks out at the Shadwell Dry Dock and burns until late the next morning, which later helps to establish John Pizer's innocence.

AUGUST 31, 1888

* Polly Nichols killed in Bucks Row.

* Robert Anderson appointed Assistant Commissioner for Crime; selects Donald Swanson to head the case.

* L.P. Walter writes to the Home Office, requesting a reward be offered for the capture of the murderer. Request is denied by E. Leigh Pemberton.

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SEPTEMBER 1888

SEPTEMBER 1888

* Catherine Eddowes goes hop-picking with John Kelly.

SEPTEMBER 1, 1888

* William Nichols identifies the body of his estranged wife, Polly Nichols.

* First day of the Nichols Inquest - opened by W Baxter at the Working Lads' Institute; adjourned until the 3rd

* Mrs. Sarah Colwell claims to have seen spots of blood in Brady Street, adding to the theory that Nichols was killed elsewhere.

SEPTEMBER 3, 1888

* Second day of the Nichols Inquest; adjourned until the 17th.

SEPTEMBER 4, 1888

* The first press reports of a man named Leather Apron appear.

SEPTEMBER 6, 1888

* Polly Nichols is buried at Little Ilford Cemetery.

SEPTEMBER 7, 1888

* First official mention of John Pizer as Leather Apron. (Pizer was exonnerated.)

SEPTEMBER 8, 1888

* Annie Chapman killed in Hanbury Street.

* Amelia Palmer identifies Annie's body at 11:30 am.

* Robert Anderson leaves for Switzerland on sick leave.

* Thomas Ede sees Henry James outside The Forrester's Arms, in possession of a large knife.

* Mrs. Fiddymont sees suspicious bloodstained man in the Prince Albert.

SEPTEMBER 9, 1888

* Miss Lyons claims to have had a drink with a man she suspected to be Leather Apron at the Queen's Head pub.

* John Evans and Mr. Fountain Smith both identify Annie Chapman's body.

SEPTEMBER 10, 1888

* Samuel Montagu offers a 100 reward for the capture of the murderer.

* George Lusk elected president of The Whitechapel Vigilance Committee.

* John Pizer arrested as Leather Apron.

* First day of Chapman Inquest - opened by W Baxter at the Working Lad's Institiute; adjourned until the 12th.

SEPTEMBER 12, 1888

* Second day of the Chapman Inquest; adjourned until the 13th.

* Mrs Long identifies the body of Annie Chapman.

* Laura Sickings discovers "bloodstains" on the fence in her yard at 25 Hanbury Street. The staines later prove to be "sewage," (e.g., "urine").

SEPTEMBER 13, 1888

* Third day of the Chapman Inquest; adjourned until the 19th.

SEPTEMBER 14, 1888

* Annie Chapman is buried at Manor Park Cemetary.

SEPTEMBER 16, 1888

* B Harris of the Whitechapel Vigilance Committee requests that the Home Secretary add to the reward money offered.

SEPTEMBER 17, 1888

* Third day of the Nichols Inquest; adjourned until the 23rd.

* Date of the first known letter using the name "Jack the Ripper."

SEPTEMBER 19, 1888

* Fourth day of the Chapman Inquest; adjourned until the 26th.

* Inspector Abberline reports that Issenschmid was the man seen by Mrs. Fiddymont. (Issenschmid was confined to Fairfield Row Asylum, Bow on 17 September.)

SEPTEMBER 22, 1888

* Fourth and last day of the Nichols Inquest.

SEPTEMBER 26, 1888

* Fifth and last day of Chapman Inquest.

SEPTEMBER 27, 1888

* Catherine Eddowes & John Kelly return to London, having been hop-picking all month.

* The "Dear Boss" letter posted to the Central News Agency.

SEPTEMBER 29, 1888

* Catherine Eddowes arrested at 8:30pm for public drunkenness by Sergeant James Byfield.

SEPTEMBER 30, 1888

* Elizabeth Stride found dead at Dutfield's Yard c.1:00am.

* Catherine Eddowes found dead at Mitre Square c.1:44am.

* Whitechapel Vigilance Committee sends letter to the Home Office requesting a reward be officially offered. Request denied.

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OCTOBER 1888

OCTOBER 1888

* The Metropolitan Police estimated that there were 1,200 street walkers and 62 brothels in Whitechapel.

OCTOBER 1, 1888

* First day of the Stride Inquest - opened by W Baxter at vestry Hall, Cable Street; adjourned until the 2nd.

* Several newspapers publish the Dear Boss letter's contents.

* Thomas Coram finds a bloodstained knife in Whitechapel Road, with a blade of about 9 inches.

* The Financial News contributes 300 toward a reward for the capture of the murderer.

* Lord Mayor offers 500 reward.

* Sir Alfred Kirby offers 100 reward and 50 militia men to help apprehend the criminal. Offer declined.

* Queen Victoria telephones the Home Office at 3:30pm and expresses her shock at the murders.

* The "saucy Jack" postcard is received at the Central News Agency.

* Michael Kidney arrives drunk at Leman Street Police Station, blaming the PC on duty at the time of Stride's murder, and asking to speak with a detective.

* The Star (an evening newspaper) prints the text of the saucy Jack postcard.

OCTOBER 2, 1888

* Second day of the Stride Inquest; adjourned until the 3rd.

* George Lusk sends petition to the Home Office requesting a reward by offered by the police.

* Two private detectives, Grand and Batchelor, find a grape stalk in the drain at Dutfield's Yard.

* Unidentified trunk of a woman discovered in Whitehall.

OCTOBER 3, 1888

* Third day of the Stride Inquest; adjourned until the 5th.

OCTOBER 4, 1888

* First day of Eddowes Inquest - opened by S F Lanham at Golden Lane Mortuary; adjourned until the 11th.

* Matthew Packer identifies the body of Elizabeth Stride.

* Facsimiles of the Dear Boss and saucy Jack are published.

OCTOBER 5, 1888

* Fourth day of the Stride Inquest; adjourned until the 23rd.

OCTOBER 6, 1888

* Elizabeth Stride buried at East London Cemetery.

OCTOBER 7, 1888

* George Lusk writes the Home Office, requesting that a pardon be granted for the murderer's accomplice(s), in the hopes that these accomplices would reveal his identity.

OCTOBER 8, 1888

* Catherine Eddowes is buried at Little Ilford.

OCTOBER 9, 1888

* Successful testing of blood hounds at Regent's Park and at Hyde Park.

* Sir Charles Warren replies affirmatively to Lusk's request of a pardon, but the idea is struck down by Matthews.

OCTOBER 10, 1888

* The Registrar General reported London 2,413 births and 1,352 deaths in London; below the average numbers in the corresponding weeks of the last ten years. The annual death-rate per 1,000 from all causes, which had been 15.8 and 16.0 in the two preceding weeks, further rose last week to 16.5.

OCTOBER 10, 1888

* Second and last day of the Eddowes Inquest.

OCTOBER 16, 1888

* George Lusk receives a package including the "From Hell" letter and half a kidney, allededly from the body of Catherine Eddowes.

OCTOBER 23, 1888

* Fifth and last day of Stride Inquest.

OCTOBER 30, 1888

* Joseph Barnett and Mary Jane Kelly quarrel. Barnett leaves their room at 13 Miller's Court.

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NOVEMBER 1888

NOVEMBER 8, 1888

* Sir Charles Warren tendered his second resignation to Home Secretary, Henry Matthews.

NOVEMBER 9, 1888

* Mary Jane Kelly killed in Miller's Court.

* Resignation of Sir Charles Warren accepted and announced.

NOVEMBER 10, 1888

* Pardon offered to "anyone other than the murderer" by the Home Office.

NOVEMBER 12, 1888

* First and only day of the Kelly Inquest - opened by R Macdonald at the Shoreditch Town Hall.

* That evening, George Hutchinson gives police his description of a suspicious man he saw with Kelly on the night of her murder.

NOVEMBER 19, 1888

* Mary Jane Kelly is buried at Leytonstone Roman Catholic Cemetary.

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DECEMBER 1888

DECEMBER 20 1888

* Rose Mylett found dead in Clarke's Yard.

DECEMBER 20 1888

* First day of the Mylett Inquest - opened by W Baxter in Poplar Coroner's Court. (The inquest was reconvened on 3 and 9 January 1889.)

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REFERENCES

Home Office files
Scotland Yard files (MEPO 3/140)
Eddowes Inquest Transcript
Kelly Inquest Transcript

The Daily News
The Daily Telegraph
The Evening News
The London Times
The Manchester Guardian
The Times
The Illustrated Police News
The Star
The East London Advertiser
The Liverpool Daily Post
The Suffolk Chronicle and County Express

The Complete History of Jack the Ripper, 1994 ed, Sudgen
The Crimes, Detection and Death of Jack the Ripper, 1987, Fido
Jack the Ripper, 1988, Daniel
The Jack the Ripper A to Z, 1994 & 1996 ed, Begg, Fido & Skinner
Jack the Ripper: The Complete Casebook, 1988, (U.S. ed), Rumbelow
Jack the Ripper: The Simple Truth, 1996, Paley
Jack the Ripper: The Uncensored Facts, 1988 ed, Begg

Ripperana
Ripperologist



Many THANKS to the people who have contributed to this page:
British Law information - Courtesy of CM DiGrazia.
British Law information - Courtesy of Chris George.
Additional information - Courtesy of Stephen Ryder.
British History information - Courtesy of Chris George.
London street image - Courtesy of Chris George.


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